Monument 101

Granite

Is a common and widely used type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock.

Marble

A metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. We do not use a lot of marble since it is not as durable as granite.

Flat Marker

flat
The most economical of all monuments. Just as their name implies they sit flat on the ground.
Some cemeteries require the monument to be flat so they can mow over it. Others require the monument to be set level with the lay of the land.

Bevel Marker

bevel
This monument is normally six inches thick in the back and slopes to four inches in the front. The bevel makes this type of monument easier to read than the flat marker.

Bronze Marker

A mixture of different metals cast to form a specific design and lettering. Many perpetual care cemeteries require bronze. A bronze monument will normally begin to patina (turn a greenish color) after about 10 years. There is nothing you can do to prevent this except by reapplying a clear coat to the bronze every 5 to 8 years.

Slant Marker

slant
Slants are normally ten inches thick on the bottom and sixteen inches tall on the back center of the stone. The lettering is placed on the face of the slant. Slants can be set with or without a base.

Upright Monuments

upright
Upright monuments normally consist of two pieces: the top part is referred to as the die while the bottom is called the base. We typically leave nine inches on the ends to add vases at any time you may desire. Upright monuments come standard polished on the front and back, but there is an option to polish all sides. Upright monuments are the most common.

Wing Jobs

wing
This is the term that is used when two dies are placed on one long base. Wing jobs are exclusively double monuments.

Laser Etching

The process of etching a photo or scene on a granite monument using a laser etching machine. The best results are achieved on black granite, but we can also etch on Celtic Green and India Red. One of the keys to a good etching is the photo; it should be a clear picture that was taken close to the subject. You do not want to use a picture that was taken from across the room.

Sandblasting

This is the process of actually cutting the letters deep into the stone.

Hand Etching

An artist rendition of a photo or a scene on black granite.

Polish

This is when a diamond or carbon based pad is used to smooth and darken the stone. Polishing a stone helps to seal it and helps prevent fungus from growing on it.

Rock pitched

This term describes the rough edges that are usually seen on the edges of a base. Rough edges help conceal areas where a lawn mower might hit the side of the base.

Flashing

This is the process of taking the polish off of an area of the stone. This is usually done to help the lettering stand out better by creating more contrast.